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  • Resource Database / Law & Legal Issues / International Documents and Sources

    This category includes materials from the United Nations and the International Labor Organization dealing with indigenous and colonized peoples and human rights, as well as treaties and documents issued by indigenous international organizations. 
    Resources: 68 listings
    Name and Description Nation Location
    Lakota US - Central
    The 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie of September 17th, 1851, ratified 1853. Last legal (Oyate Omnicye-mandated, female inclusive) document of N/DN/D/Lakota Nation. Protected from violation through Article VI, U.S. Constitution, "Treaties made with Indian Nations shall be the supreme law of the land."
    1868 Fort Laramie Treaty (Black Hills)
    Sioux US - Central
    images of the entire original treaty, from the National Archives and Records Administration
    More sites on www.nara.gov
    Agreement on Identity and Rights of Indigenous Peoples
    Maya America - Central
    Peace Accords (1995)
    More sites on www.un.org
    Contiene informacion sobre antropologia juridica, pluralismo legal y pueblos indigenas. Igualmente sobre estudios socio-legales, derechos humanos, justicia, mujer y estudios latinoamericanos. Bilingual web site on socio-legal studies, legal anthropologoy, legal pluralism, indigenous peoples, human rights, dmocracy, justice, gender, latin american studies.
    More sites on geocities.com
    American Indian Law Alliance
      US - Northeast
    Founded in 1989 by Tonya Gonnella Frichner (Onondaga Nation, Snipe Clan) the American Indian Law Alliance is an indigenous, non-profit organization that works with Indigenous nations, communities and organizations in our struggle for sovereignty, human rights, and social justice for our peoples. One critical aspect of our work is to write reports and make information available. Accordingly, we publish and distribute extensive reports on all of our activities and our attendance at international fora.
    Concluding Observations - Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination : United States
      United States
    Fifty-ninth session: 30 July – 17 August 2001. United Nations Document: CERD/C/59/Misc.17/Rev.3, unedited version. The Committee considered the initial, second and third periodic reports of the United States of America (CERD/C/351/Add.1), submitted as one document, which were due on 20 November 1995, 1997 and 1999 respectively, at its 1474th, 1475th and 1476th meetings (CERD/C/SR.1474, 1475 and 1476), held on 3 and 6 August 2001.
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Convention concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries (ILO No. 169)
    72 ILO Official Bull. 59, entered into force Sept. 5, 1991
    More sites on www.umn.edu
    Cree Statements to U.N. Working Group on Indigenous Populations
    14th session, 29 July - 2 August, 1996 (Geneva)
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org
    Cumbre de las Américas: Poblaciones Indígenas
    Análisis intergubernamental, en el marco de la OEA, del "Proyecto de Declaración sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas", elaborado por la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
    More sites on www.summit-americas.org
    Declaración de Intangibilidad CONFENIAE
      America - South
    Los Lideres Indigenas de la Amazonia Ecuatoriana van a encontrar con oficiales governamentales una vez mas antes de tomar sus protestas a las calles de Quito mas tarde este mes. Los dirigentes de CONFENIAE piden que los amigos y partidarios de las comunidades internacionales medioambientales toman un momento breve de su tiempo y colaboran con nosotros y firman a nuestra petition electronica. http://www.unii.net/confeniae/espanol/territorios/INTANGIBILIDAD.html Nos encontramos con la Ministra Del Medio Ambiente Yolanda Kakabadse, y otro oficiales altos de la administracion del Presidente Jamil Mahuad De La Republica Del Ecuador y nos gustaria mostrar que tenemos una base ancha de apoyo internacional en Declarar Nuestros Territorios Sagrados intocable al Gobierno Insensato Pilla y queremos que entiendan que: Nuestras Patrias Hereditarias no son de venta y Demandamos Que se Garantiza Su Proteccion Perpetua.
    More sites on www.unii.net
    Declaration of Brazilian Shamans regarding Protection of Traditional Knowledge
      America - South
    Intellectual property document submitted in an event organised by the Brazilian National Institute of Industrial property (INPI), related to the Brazilian Ministry of Development, in December 2001.
    [This is a PDF document. You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader software to view the downloaded file.]
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org
    Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, G.A. res. 1514 (XV)
    15 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No.16) at 66, U.N. Doc. A/4684 (1961)
    More sites on www.umn.edu
      America - South
    Venezuelan Decree N° 2.028 declaring 12th of october Day of the Native Resistance
    Delaware Treaty History
    Delaware US - Northeast
    The Delaware, or Lenape, signed the first-ever "Indian treaty" with the newly-born United States of America in 1778.
    More sites on members.tripod.com
    Dossier d'information à l'usage des peuples autochtones
    Dossier d'information à l'usage des peuples autochtones sur les activités et des mécanismes de l'Organisation des Nations Unies.
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Draft American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (OAS)
    The 9th. meeting of negotiations to Prepare the Draft American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, was held at the OAS headquarters in Washington, D.C., from January 22, 2007. In order to keep track of the process, we are publishing here all the working documents.
    More sites on www.oas.org
    Encontro Nacional dos Povos e Organizações Indígenas do Brasil
      America - South
    Nós, lideranças indígenas de 54 povos de todas as regiões do país, reunidas no Encontro Nacional dos Povos e Organizações Indígenas do Brasil com 250 participantes, no Centro de Formação Vicente Cañas, Luziânia/GO, nos dias 25 a 30 de abril de 2003, discutimos, a partir da realidade concreta de nossas comunidades, a política indigenista que queremos.
    More sites on www.cimi.org.br
    English Royal Proclamation of 1763 and various treaties
    with an emphasis on Canadian and New England history
    European Commission Support for Indigenous People
      Europe & Russia
    Documents in support of indigenous peoples in the development cooperation of the European Community and its Member States.
    Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851
    Sioux US - Central
    Fort Laramie Treaty, 1868
    Sioux US - Central
    More sites on www.pbs.org
    Guatemala: Memory of Silence / Guatemala: Memoria del Silencio
      America - South
    The Guatemalan Historical Clarification Commission completed its work and handed over its report on 25 February 1999 to the Parties to the Peace Accords and to the Secretary General of the United Nations.
    La Comisión para el Esclarecimiento Histórico ya terminó su trabajo tiene planificado entregar su informe a las Partes que firmaron los Acuerdos de Paz y al Secretario Generalk de Naciones Unidas. La presentación del informe tendrá lugar el 25 de febrero de 1999.
    [Full-text searchable]
    Guia de las Naciones Unidas para los Pueblos Indígenas
    La presente guía tiene por objeto dar a los pueblos indígenas información práctica sobre las operaciones y los métodos de las Naciones Unidas y sus diversos organismos en relación con los derechos humanos y el desarrollo.
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Guia para Pueblos Indigenas
    Sobre políticas, proyectos, asistencia financiera y técnica de Agencias Internacionales, Gubernamentales y no-Gubernamentales en América Latina. Comision Nacional de Derechos Humanos.
    Project Description in English.
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org
    Handbook for Indigenous Organizations
    published by the National Human Rights Commission in Mexico on policies and resources of international intergovernmental, governmental, and non-governmental agencies regarding indigenous peoples in Mexico, Central, and South America.
    Description, Table of Contents, and excerpts in Spanish
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org
    Hawaiian Kingdom Organization
    Kanaka Maoli US - Hawaii
    Historical and legal documents regarding the restoration of an independent Hawaii in Adobe Acrobat format.
    High Commissioner report: activities undertaken for International Decade of Indigenous People
    COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Fifty-fourth session, Item 23 of the provisional agenda, UN doc # E/CN.4/1998/107
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties
      United States
    C This Project is a cooperative effort among the University of Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library (NILL), and Native American tribes providing access to the Constitutions, Tribal Codes, and other legal documents. Project Coordinators are David Selden (NILL) and Marilyn Nicely (OU). Tribal constitutions and codes are the heart of self-government for over 500 federally recognized tribes, and are the lifeblood of Indian sovereignty. The University of Oklahoma Law Center Library and the National Indian Law Library work with tribes whose government documents appear on this web site; these tribal documents are either placed online with the permission of the tribes, or they are U.S. Government documents, rightfully in the public domain.
    More sites on thorpe.ou.edu
    Indigenous Peoples and the United Nations System
    An index to key United Nations offices and agencies dealing with Indigenous Peoples.
    More sites on www.un.org
    Indigenous Peoples and the World Bank
    The Bank Information Center works to advocate for and protect the rights of indigenous peoples in globally-financed development projects.
    More sites on www.bicusa.org
    International Cultural Property Protection
      United States
    The United States Department of State is responsible for implementing the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act (the Act). This is the enabling legislation for the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. In accordance with the Act, United States Department of State accepts requests from countries for import restrictions on archaeological or ethnological artifacts, the pillage of which places their national cultural heritage in jeopardy.
    International Indian Treaty Council
    Sioux US - West
    Declaration of Continuing Independence by the 1st International Indian Treaty Council at Standing Rock Sioux Indian Country. June 1974.
    More sites on www.treatycouncil.org
    International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA)
    IWGIA works internationally and independently to support indigenous peoples' self-determination; founded in 1968
    More sites on www.iwgia.org
    Kluwer Law International Arbitration Site
    comprehensive arbitration database, containing the complete texts of arbitration treaties, legislation, rules, case law, and commentary, supplemented by an extensive bibliography.
    Mataatua Declaration on Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights of Indigenous Peoples
    proclaimed: 1993, Whakatane, Aotearoa. New Zealand
    National Meeting: Indigenous Peoples and Organisations of Brazil - Final Document
      America - South
    We, the indigenous leaders of 54 peoples from all the regions of the country, united at the National Meeting of Indigenous Peoples and Organisations of Brazil, involving 250 participants, at the Vicente Canas Training Centre, Luziânia in Goias, between 25 and 30 April 2003, discussed the indigenist policy that we want, based on the concrete reality of the experiences of our communities.
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org
    Nisga'a Nation
    Nisga'a Canada
    Nisga'a are negotiating a treaty with the governments of Canada and British Columbia, this is the Nisga'a page outlining what has transpired todate.
    Organization of American States (OAS)
    Site includes searchable information on indigenous peoples of the hemisphere.
    More sites on www.oas.org
    Papal Bull Inter Caetera (Alexander VI), May 4, 1493
    Columbus' discovery in 1492 of supposedly Asiatic lands in the western seas threatened the unstable relations between the kingdoms of Portugal and Castile, which had been jockeying for position and possession of colonial territories for more than a century. The bull Inter caetera became a major document in the development of legal doctrines regarding claims of empire in the "new world." An English translation from the original Latin.
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org
    Papal Bull Romanus Pontifex (Nicholas V), January 8, 1455
    The bull Romanus Pontifex is an important example of the Papacy's claim to spiritual lordship of the whole world and of its role in regulating relations among Christian princes and between Christians and "unbelievers" ("heathens" and "infidels"). This bull became the basis for Portugal's later claim to lands in the "new world," a claim which was countered by Castile and the bull Inter caetera in 1493. An English translation from the original Latin.
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org
    Permanent Court of Arbitration - The Hague
    The oldest institution for the settlement of disputes between States (or organizations of States), and disputes between States and private parties. Its services include good offices and mediation, commissions of inquiry (fact-finding), conciliation, and arbitration.
    Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources, G.A. res. 1803 (XVII)
    17 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 17) at 15, U.N. Doc. A/5217 (1962)
    More sites on www.umn.edu
    Issued in 1999 by IUCN - World Conservation Union; WCPA – World Commission on Protected Areas; and WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature. Based on recommendations from the IV World Congress on National Parks and Protected Areas (Caracas, Venezuela, 1992), calling for the development of policies for protected areas that safeguard the interests of indigenous peoples, and take into account customary resource practices and traditional land tenure systems.
    Religious Intolerance in United States: Situation of Native Americans
      United States
    Excerpt from Report submitted by Mr. Abdelfattah Amor, United Nations Special Rapporteur, in accordance with Commission on Human Rights resolution 1998/18. United Nations Doc. # E/CN.4/1999/58/Add.1, 9 December 1998.
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org
    Report of second workshop on permanent forum for indigenous people: Addendum 3
    COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Fifty-fourth session, Agenda item 23, UN doc # E/CN.4/1998/11/Add.3
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Report of second workshop on permanent forum for indigenous people: Contribution of Chairperson
    COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Fifty-fourth session, Agenda item 23, UN doc # E/CN.4/1998/11/Add.2
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights - Western Shoshone
    Shoshone US - Southwest
    The Report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) of the Organization of American States (OAS) concerning the human rights complaint filed by Mary and Carrie Dann, Western Shoshone Indians, and other materials from The Case of Mary and Carrie Dann v. The United States.
    More sites on www.indianlaw.org
    Report of the second workshop on a permanent forum for indigenous people; Addendum 1
    COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Fifty-fourth session, Item 23 of the provisional agenda, UN doc # E/CN.4/1998/11/Add.1
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Report of the second workshop on a permanent UN forum for indigenous people
    COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Fifty-fourth session, Item 23 of the provisional agenda, UN doc # E/CN.4/1998/11
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Report of Working Group on draft UN declaration on rights of indigenous peoples
    COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Fifty-fourth session, Item 23 of the provisional agenda, UN Doc # E/CN.4/1998/106
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    Study on treaties, agreements, etc., between States and indigenous populations
    Final report by Mr Miguel Alfonso Martinez, United Nations Special Rapporteur [unedited version]
    More sites on www.puebloindio.org
    Summit of the Americas Information Network
    The Summit of the Americas process ("Summit process") is an institutionalized set of meetings at the highest level of government decision-making in the Western Hemisphere. The purpose of the meetings ("Summits") is to discuss common issues and seek solutions to problems shared by all the countries in the Americas, be they economic, social, military or political in nature. Indigenous leaders participating in the "Indigenous Peoples Summit of the Americas" will develop recommendations regarding the Summit mandates of specific interest to Indigenous Peoples.
    More sites on summit-americas.org
    Summit of the Americas: Indigenous Peoples
    Information from the Organization of American States about the "Proposed American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples" approved by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on February 26, 1997, at its 1333rd session, 95th regular session.
    More sites on www.summit-americas.org
    The Avalon Project: Relations Between The United States and Native Americans
      United States
    maintained by Yale Law School library
    More sites on www.yale.edu
    The Brehon Law Project
      Europe & Russia
    Irish law is the oldest, most original, and most extensive of mediaeval European legal systems. It is a unique legal inheritance, an independent indigenous system of advanced jurisprudence that was fully evolved by the eighth century. It is also far less well known than it deserves, and was precedent-setting in the legal clash of indigenous peoples and colonial power.
    The International Court of Justice (World Court)
    in French and English
    The Treaty of Greenville - August 3, 1795
      US - Northeast
    between the United States and the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanees, Ottawas, Chippewas, Pattawatimas, Miamis, Eel Rivers, Weas, Kickapoos, Piankeshaws, and Kaskaskias
    More sites on www.law.ou.edu
    Treaty between U.S. and Navajo, 1868
    Navajo US - Southwest
    Articles of a treaty and agreement made and entered into at Fort Sumner, New Mexico, on the first day of June, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight, by and between the United States, represented by its commissioners, Lieutenant General W. T. Sherman and Colonel Samuel F. Tappan, of the one part, and the Navajo Nation or tribe of Indians, represented by their chiefs and head-men.
    More sites on www.lapahie.com
    U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights
    official United Nations site
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Documents on Indigenous People
    In English, Francais, Espanol
    Peuples autochtones / Pueblos indígenas
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Information
    In recent years, there have been significant advances in international thinking and action on indigenous issues and rights. The International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People, being celebrated between 1995-2004, has brought with it advances such as the establishment of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. The theme for the Decade is ‘indigenous people: partnership in action’. The main objective is the strengthening of international cooperation for the solution of problems faced by indigenous people in such areas as human rights, the environment, education and health.
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Western Shoshone Decision
    Shoshone US - Southwest
    An historic and strongly worded decision issued 10 March 2006 by the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), urging the United States to "freeze", "desist" and "stop" actions being taken or threatened to be taken against the Western Shoshone Peoples. [full text PDF file]
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    United Nations
    official web site, maintained by the United Nations Department of Public Information
    More sites on www.un.org
    United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
    Adopted by the General Assembly 13 September 2007
    More sites on www.un.org
    United Nations Guide for Indigenous Peoples
    An Information Set for Indigenous Peoples on the Operations and Procedures of the United Nations system.
    More sites on www.unhchr.ch
    United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
    The Permanent Forum is an advisory body to the Economic and Social Council with a mandate to discuss indigenous issues related to economic and social development, culture, the environment, education, health and human rights.
    More sites on www.un.org
    Unratified US-Indian Treaties and Agreements, 1792-1883
      United States
    Selected documents from Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. Vol. II. (Treaties.) Compiled and Edited by Charles J. Kappler, LL. M., Clerk to the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1904.
    More sites on www.councilfire.com
    Western Shoshone National Council Request to United Nations
    Shoshone US - Southwest
    Request For Early Warning Measures And Urgent Procedures, submitted to The United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination by The Western Shoshone National Council, in relation to The United States of America: 25 July 2005, Raymond D. Yowell, Chief
    More sites on www.nativeweb.org

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