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  • Resource Database / Law & Legal Issues / Government Documents and Sources

    This category includes documents (statutes, reports, court decisions, etc.) and agency information from nation-state governments related to issues affecting indigenous peoples. 
    Resources: 88 listings
    Name and Description Nation Location
    A bill to acknowledge a long history of official depredations...
      United States
    anasayfa [img][/img]
    A Quiet Crisis: Federal Funding and Unmet Needs in Indian Country
      United States
    anasayfa [img][/img] Development, U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Department of Education, and U.S. Department of Agriculture.
    Aboriginal Canada Portal
    Canadian Aboriginal on-line resources, contacts, information, and government programs and services; maintained by the Government of Canada
    Aboriginal Policing Directorate: Canada
    An office of the Solicitor General of Canada; site in English and French [La Direction gnrale de la police des Autochtones, le Solliciteur gnral Canada]
    American Indian & Alaska Native Affairs (US DOJ)
      United States
    The American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) Affairs Desk has been established in the Office of Justice Programs (OJP), in the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to enhance access to information by Federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native tribes regarding funding opportunities, training and technical assistance, and other relevant information.
    American Indian And Alaska Native Populations
      United States
    U.S. Census Bureau - Population Estimates Population by race for current and past dates may be found among our Population Estimates offerings. Annual and monthly estimates are available by race at the national level, and for selected dates at the state and county levels. / Population Projections Population projections provide population by race for future dates. They are available at the national and state levels. / The 1990 Census The 1990 census provides the richest source of race data. You may extract 1990 census data from the Summary Tape Files using our 1990 Lookup Tool. / Various data tables based on the 1990 Census:
    American Indian Environmental Office
      United States
    maintained by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    American Indian Religious Freedom Act
      United States
    Text of US law, Title 42 US Code section 1996.
    American Indians and Crime
      United States
    By Lawrence A. Greenfeld and Steven Smith, U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics [released, February 14, 1999]
    Document also available in PDF:
    Australian Law on the Internet: Aboriginal Law
      Australia - Torres Strait
    maintained by the National Library of Australia
    Banking and Finanace in Indian Country
      United States
    selected publications available from the Federal Reserve Bank, Kansas City
    Bureau of Indian Affairs (USA)
      United States
    Canada's Aboriginal Action Plan (January, 1998)
    includes statement that "the government is deeply sorry" for its prior treatment of aboriginal peoples
    Chronology of US Historical Documents
      United States
    selected documents, maintained by the University of Oklahoma Law Center
    CIA World Factbook for 1997
    Data is available for over 250 countries. For each country, map and flag, geographic, population, government, economic, communication, transportation, military, and transnational issue information is provided for the latest year available.
    Constitution of the Texas Band of Choctaw Indians
    Choctaw US - Southeast
    Legal Ratified Constitution of the Texas Band of Choctaw Indians
      United States
    United States Fish and Wildlife Service Regulations governing possession of golden and bald eagles and parts thereof. Includes regulations for permits for Indian religious purposes. 50 C.F.R. sec. 22.
    Economic Development and Heterogeneity of Governmental Form on American Indian Reservations
    Interesting and useful lessons on economic development are now emerging from a somewhat unusual context--American Indian reservations in the United States.
    EPA Superfund Enhanced State & Tribal Role Initiative
      United States
    Environmental Protection Agency site
    Executive Order 13007 Indian Sacred Sites
      United States
    Presidential order to protect and preserve Indian religious practices, issued May 24, 1996.
    Executive Order 13007Indian Sacred Sites
      United States
    issued by President Clinton, May 24, 1996
    Farislaw Search Site
    Includes search engines for Australia, Canada, House of Lords (England) and USA
    Farmington Report: 30 Years Later (U. S. Commission on Civil Rights)
      US - Southwest
    The 1975 Farmington Report marked an historic milestone in the relationship between the Navajo people and the Anglo residents of the city of Farmington and the county of San Juan, New Mexico. This is a PDF file of the 2005 follow-up report.
    Federal Communications Commission Tribal Initiatives
      United States
    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) recognizes that the telecommunications penetration rate on many tribal lands falls far below the national average. We have taken a series of steps, through regulatory action, consumer information and tribal outreach, to address the lack of telecommunications deployment and subscribership throughout Indian Country.
    FedLaw - Native Americans
      United States
    list of legal materials; maintained by US General Services Administration
    Final Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples on CD-ROM
    produced by Libraxus Inc., a private Canadian company; CD includes research reports associated with RCAP not available on-line
    Fundamental Laws of the Dine'
    Navajo US - Southwest
    An enactment (November 2002) of the Navajo Nation Council, amending the Navajo Nation Code to Recognize the Fundamental Laws of the Dine'. The legislation, drafted with input from Dine' College and the Navajo Medicine Man's Association, states some very fundamental rights from a Navajo point of view.
    Gldu resource Centre for the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
    Sami Europe & Russia
    Resource Centre for the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was established by the Norwegian government. It is located in Guovdageaidnu-Kautokeino, in Finnmark county. The Centre shall increase information about the rights of Saami and other indigenous peoples.The Centre is independent, governed by its own board.
    Norwegian version
    Sami Version
    The Centre is funded by Norwegian Ministry of Labour and Social Inclusions and by Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    High Court of Australia Cases
    Reported and unreported decisions of the High Court of Australia. Decisions handed down after 1947 are in full text.
    Historical Publications of the United States Commission on Civil Rights
      US - Northeast
    Browse historical documents from the United States Commission on Civil Rights (1957- ), available in PDF files, provided through the Thurgood Marshall Law Library, University of Maryland (Baltimore).
    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
    Government information site, in English and French
    Indian Arts and Crafts Regulations
      United States
    United States Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 25, Part 309 (2001 edition).
    Contains text and pdf files of regulations issued pursuant to the Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990.
    Indian Census Facts 2005
      United States
    This PDF file provides statistics compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau for American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month, November 2005.
    Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA)
    Full text of federal statute; 25 USC Chapter 21
    Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968
      United States
    Full text of federal law, 25 U.S.C. ch. 15, imposing civil rights restrictions on tribal governments.
    Indian Gaming Regulatory Act
      United States
    The purpose of this chapter is -
    (1) to provide a statutory basis for the operation of gaming by Indian tribes as a means of promoting tribal economic development, self-sufficiency, and strong tribal governments....
    Indian Land Cessions in the United States, 1784-1894
      United States
    United States Serial Set Number 4015, Library of Congress
    The Schedule of Indian Land Cessions subtitle notes that it "indicates the number and location of each cession by or reservation for the Indian tribes from the organization of the Federal Government to and including 1894, together with descriptions of the tracts so ceded or reserved, the date of the treaty, law or executive order governing the same, the name of the tribe or tribes affected thereby, and historical data and references bearing thereon."
    Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada
    Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada is the federal department dedicated to strengthening partnerships within government and with Aboriginal people, religious denominations, and other citizens to address and resolve issues arising from the legacy of Indian residential schools.
    Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act
      United States
    The Congress, after careful review of the Federal Government's historical and special legal relationship with, and resulting responsibilities to, American Indian people, finds that -
    (1) the prolonged Federal domination of Indian service programs has served to retard rather than enhance the progress of Indian people and their communities by depriving Indians of the full opportunity to develop leadership skills crucial to the realization of self-government, and has denied to the Indian people an effective voice in the planning and implementation of programs for the benefit of Indians which are responsive to the true needs of Indian communities....
    Indian Tribal Justice Act
      United States
    The Congress finds and declares that -
    (2) the United States has a trust responsibility to each tribal government that includes the protection of the sovereignty of each tribal government; ***
    (5) tribal justice systems are an essential part of tribal governments and serve as important forums for ensuring public health and safety and the political integrity of tribal governments....
    Institutional Child Abuse in Canada
    A report from the Law Commission of Canada on abuse that took place in residential schools for Aboriginal children and in institutions such as orphanages, schools for the Deaf, long-term mental health care facilities, sanitoria and training schools.
    Iroquois Constitution
    Iroquois US - Northeast
    Posted by The University of Oklahoma Law Center, with a clickable table of contents
    Kappler's Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties
    Digitized version of volumes 1-3 of Kappler's Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Includes ALL treaties between the US government and the tribes, with annotations. Table of contents and index, plus search feature.
    Legislative Impact
    Chippewa US - Northeast
    Legislative research service on Native issues. Free and subscription services.
      America - South
    Full text in spanish of this indigenous Venezuelan law courtesy of Dr. Fernando Pantin.
    Leyes de Venezuela
      America - South
    Texto completo de todas las leyes venezolanas por cortesia del Dr. Fernando Pantin. (Plaintext of all the Venezuelan laws by courtesy of the Dr Fernando Pantin. )
    Minnesota Indian Affairs Council
      US - Central
    official liaison between state and tribal governments
    Montana-Wyoming Tribal Leaders Council
      US - Northwest
    The purpose of the Montana-Wyoming Tribal Leaders Council (TLC) is to defend our Tribes rights under our Indian Treaties with the United States, to speak in a unified voice, to offer support to our people, to afford ourselves a forum in which to consult each other, to enlighten each other about our peoples, and to otherwise uniformly promote the common welfare of all of the Indian people of Montana and Wyoming.
    National Aboriginal Document Database
    maintained by Six Nations Geo Systems, with assistance of Algonquin Nation Secretariat, Alliance of Tribal Nations, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Industry Canada - Schoolnet - Aboriginal Digital Collections, Six Nations Land Claims Research Office, T.A.R.R. Centre of Manitoba, Union of BC Indian Chiefs.
    National Tribal Justice Resource Center
      US - West
    the central national clearinghouse of information for Native American and Alaska Native tribal justice systems. Here you will find numerous resources including searchable databases of tribal court opinions; codes and constitutions; a listing of available publications; a training events calendar of seminars and conferences; funding opportunities; information about our programs and services; and much, much more.
    Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project
      United States
    This project is a cooperative effort among the University of Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library (NILL), and Native American tribes providing access to the Constitutions, Tribal Codes, and other legal documents. Tribal constitutions and codes are the heart of self-government for over 500 federally recognized tribes, and are the lifeblood of Indian sovereignty. The University of Oklahoma Law Center Library and the National Indian Law Library work with tribes whose government documents appear on this web site; these tribal documents are either placed online with the permission of the tribes, or they are U.S. Government documents, rightfully in the public domain.
    Native American Documents Project
      United States
    California State University, San Marcos provides indexed Published Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs and the Board of Indian Commissioners for 1871, two appendices to the board's report, and a map from the 1875 report. These reports touch on most aspects of Indian policy at that time.
    Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, 1990
      United States
    To provide for the protection of Native American graves, and for other purposes.
    Native American Indian Tribal Constitutions
      United States
    Maintained by the COUNCILFIRE site.
    Native American Languages Act (25 U.S.C. ch. 31)
      United States
    "It is the policy of the United States to -
    (1) preserve, protect, and promote the rights and freedom of Native Americans to use, practice, and develop Native American languages...."
    Navajo Code Talkers
      United States
    U.S. Senator Jeff Bingaman's web site with information about the Code Talkers and the award to them of the Congressional Gold Medal.
    Northwwest Intertribal Court System
      US - Northwest
    NICS provides court services for it nine member tribes. The services inlude Judges ,Prosecutors,Code developement and an appellate court.
    Nunavut Implementation Commission
    Inuit Canada - Northern
    Office of Tribal Justice
      United States
    established to provide a single point of contact within the Justice Department for meeting the broad and complex federal responsibilities owed to Indian tribes. The Office facilitates coordination between Departmental components working on Indian issues, and provides a permanent channel of communication for Indian tribal governments with the Department of Justice.
    Portail des Autochtones au Canada
    ressources en direct, des personnes-ressources, des renseignements ainsi qu' des programmes et services gouvernementaux canadiens relatifs aux Autochtones. Gouvernement du Canada.
    Procedures for Federal Recognition that an American Indian Group Exists as a Tribe (25 CFR Part 83)
      United States
    Regulations used by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs to "federally recognize" an Indian Nation.
    Résolution des questions des pensionnats indiens Canada
    Résolution des questions des pensionnats indiens Canada est l'organisme fédéral chargé de renforcer les partenariats au sein du gouvernement et avec les Autochtones, les confessions religieuses et d'autres citoyens, pour s'occuper des problèmes nés des séquelles des pensionnats indiens et les régler.
    Reconciliation Process Documents - The United States and Native Hawaiians
    Kanaka Maoli US - Hawaii
    The Final Report (October 23, 2000) and other documents from the Reconciliation Process Between the U.S. Federal Government and Native Hawaiians.
    Researching historic FBI files on Native Americans
      United States
    by Michael Ravnitzky; "The early surveillance - 1930s-1960s - of Native American people by the FBI has been largely undocumented."
    Here's how to start researching.
    Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples Final Report
    Canada, Institute of Indigenous Government; full-text, searchable
    Search American Indian Law on the FindLaw database
      United States
    Search Meta-Law Index
      United States
    Georgia (USA) State University Law School
    Taking and using of the bald and golden eagle for scientific, exhibition, and religious purposes
      United States
    Federal law regulating the taking, possession, and transportation of eagles for the religious purposes of Indian tribes (and other purposes). 16 U.S.C. sec. 668a.
    The Ipperwash Inquiry
      Canada - Eastern
    The Ipperwash Inquiry was established by the Government of Ontario to inquire and report on events surrounding the death of Dudley George, who was shot in 1995 during a protest by First Nations representatives at Ipperwash Provincial Park and later died.
    The Jay Treaty of 1794
    Treaty of Amity Commerce and Navigation between Britan and the U.S.
    Treaty between the "Eastern Indians" and New Hampshire and Massachusetts, 13 July 1713
      US - Northeast
    jpeg image of original document, from US Library of Congress manuscript collection
    Tribal Nations of Montana - Legislative Handbook
      US - Northwest
    published by The Committee on Indian Affairs, March, 1995
      United States
    The official gateway to the VersusLaw Tribal Court Database - believed to be the first national database dedicated to tribal court opinions. The Tribal Court Database is being developed in cooperation with the National American Indian Court Judges Association
    Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada
    U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
      United States
    The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights is an independent, bipartisan agency established by Congress in 1957 to investigate discrimination or denial of equal protection of the laws under the Constitution because of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin, or in the administration of justice and issue reports of these investigations.
    U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873
      United States
    maintained by The Library of Congress National Digital Library Program and the Law Library of Congress; historic records for research in law, history, genealogy, and other areas
    U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) Report on Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Schools
      United States
    In 2001, the U.S. Congress directed GAO to examine the adequacy of Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) school funding. This report shows that expenditures in selected schools are comparable to similar public schools, but data are insufficient to judge the adequacy of funding. The link above is to a highlight document. The full document, GAO-03- 955, is also available from the GAO site. [These are PDF documents. You will need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader software to view them.]
    U.S. Government Accounting Office financial management report on the Bureau of Indian Affairs
    issued: May, 1996
    U.S. House of Representatives Internet Law Library -- Indian Nations and Tribes
      United States
    U.S. Indian Law Materials
      United States
    maintained by Cornell Law School
    U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
      United States
    includes hearing schedule, briefing papers, legislation, live hearing webcasts and other information about the work of the committee
    United States Code
      United States
    all federal laws
    United States Code - Title 25 - Indians - Chapter 7a - Promotion of Social and Economic Welfare
    Including the Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990.
    United States Code, Title 25, Indians
      United States
    federal laws pertaining specifically to American Indians
    University of New Mexico Law Library
      US - Southwest
    American Indian Law references
    US Dept. of Energy: Indian Issues and Points of Contact
      United States
    Virtual Canadian Law Library
    in English and French
    Working Effectively with Tribal Governments: EPA Training Resource Guide
      United States
    This document is designed to inform U.S. Environmental Protection Agency personnel about the EPA Indian Program and its implementation.

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