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    Type: Any, Fulltext Web Sites Books and Music
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    Note: This search will show a maximum of 250 listings.
    Resources: 4 listings
    Name and DescriptionNationLocation
    Nature Bulletins - Birchbark canoes
      US - Northeast
    Long before the white man came, the Indians in Canada and the Great Lakes region had perfected the art of building birchbark canoes. Using nature's products and Stone Age tools, they constructed small craft which have never been surpassed and were indispensable to their way of life. The canoe enabled them to penetrate and live in regions where vast forests were almost trackless. They could navigate any of the innumerable lakes or follow a stream to its source, portage across a divide, and paddle down into another river system.
    Nature Bulletins - Indian Dyes
       
    In regions such as our Southwest and among the "woodland" Indians east of the Mississippi, where pottery was made and there was weaving of baskets or cloth, such articles were also decorated with designs in color. Long expeditions were made to obtain certain materials, directly or by trading, including materials for dyes.
    Nature Bulletins - Uses of Mussels
      US - Northeast
    The wampum of the early American Indians was beads made from the shells of freshwater mussels or saltwater clams. Each bead, highly polished and cylindrical in shape, was about a quarter of an inch long and either purple or white in color. Strung on strings or woven into patterns on a belt, wampum was used as money, as a symbol of authority, or as a sort of shorthand historical record which only certain interpreters could translate.
    Nature Bulletins - Wampum
      US - Northeast
    What is wampum? According to stories about the early colonists, it was Indian money made out of shells. However, wampum -- short for the Algonquian word wampumpeag--means strings of shell beads or belts woven from shell beads True wampum beads had certain sizes, shapes and colors. Each bead, about one-fourth of an inch long, was cylindrical with a hole drilled lengthwise to form a tube. There were two colors: white ones made from a large sea snail called a whelk, and dark purple ones from the quahog -- a saltwater clam of the north Atlantic coast. They were polished glassy smooth and strung on sinew cords or embroidered in patterns on strips of deer skin to make belts.




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